Hi everyone!

Recently I have been playing this game called League of Legends (LoL). I’m pretty sure that loads of guys out there play LoL. So I was checking out some info about the game. So in this game, there are 3 maps or Fields of Justice. The first one is Summoner’s Rift, the second being Twisted Treeline and the third is called Howling Abyss. But wait, I’m not here to tell you about LoL. If so why would I label it under ‘Science’? Ok here comes the interesting part. In the description of Howling Abyss LoL said that at screams could be heard in the wind and those were rumoured to be those of warriors who got pushed into the bottomless abyss. So I was thinking “Since its a bottomless pit, the warriors who fell in the abyss wont hit the ground and die so how long will it take for them to die and if they screamed when they died, how long would the screams take to reach the top?”

Ok so the first part’s really simple: How long would they take to die? Assuming there are no flying creatures that eat them up, they did not cry, sweat, pee or breathe through their mouth and they were regular humans, they would take 3 days to die of dehydration.

So that’s part 1 answered, now for part 2. Here’s where it starts to get difficult. How long would their final scream take to reach the top? firstly we have to find out how far down they would have travelled. So assuming they were falling like a skydiver (horizontally) we can find the projected area or the area which is in contact of the air below them. The average male Body Surface Area ( BSA )is 1.9 m^2 therefore to calculate the projected area, we can take the BSA divided by 2 as only one side of their bodies are in contact with the air. therefore the projected area would be 0.95 m^2. Next we have to find their mass. Assuming they were very fit and they had the most ideal body weight according to the Body Mass Index (BMI) and they were average American males in the United States of America who have an average height of 1.763 m, they would have a mass of around 150 pounds or 68.0389 kg. Now we have all the data we need to calculate the terminal velocity of the warriors or the speed they will be at when they stop accelerating. The formula for terminal velocity is as follows:

Vt= Terminal velocity

m=Mass of falling object

g= Acceleration due to gravity

p(rho)= Density of fluid which the object is travelling through (in this case, air)

A= Projected area

Cd= Drag coefficient

So what do all these mean? well we have been through practically everything except for the drag coefficient. So what is drag coefficient? Drag coefficient is a value which cannot be calculated. It is the value which puts the force generated by drag into account. The drag coefficient of a man is 1.0-1.3. Lets assume that our warriors have a drag coefficient of 1.2, not too skinny yet not too fat. The acceleration due to gravity on Earth is 9.8m/s^2 and the density of air at room temperature (25 degrees Celsius) is 1.1839 kg/m^3 so with everything in SI units we can calculate the terminal velocity of the warriors. The final answer is 54.44492062 m/s assuming all our calculations are right and in SI units. this can be rounded off to 54.4m/s (3 s.f.). The next part that we have to solve is the acceleration period. so from 0m/s to 54.4 m/s how long would it take? Once again assuming that the acceleration due to gravity is around 9.8 m/s^2 as on earth, all we have to do is divide 9.8m/s^2 from 54.4 m/s. The result we arrive at is 5.551020408 s. to find the distance travelled during this time, all we have to do is imagine that all this data is being plotted on a distance time graph and find the area during the acceleration period.

1/2*5.551020408 s*54.4 m/s =150.9877551 m

This can once again be rounded off to 151 m ( 3 s.f.)

Now lets move on to the part where we deal with the duration of the freefall. Assuming that they took EXACTLY 3 days to die of dehydration, they would take 24 h*3= 72 h to die. Now we minus the 5.551020408 s from the 72 h. 72 h = 72 h*60 min = 4320 min =4320 min* 60 s= 259200 s

259200 s – 5.551020408 s = 259194.449 s (my calculator only has this many decimals)

Therefore we can assume that our warriors remained at terminal velocity for 259194.449 s.

So to find the distance they travelled at terminal velocity, all we have to do is:

259194.449 s* 54.4m/s= 14100178.02 m

So our warriors travelled a total distance of:

14100178.02 m + 151 m = 14100329.02 m

Finally to calculate the time taken for the sound to reach the top, we have to divide the distance travelled by the speed of sound which is Mach 1 or 346.13 m/s at room temperature (25 degrees Celsius).

14100329.02 m / 346.13 m/s = 40737.09018 s

That is how long the sound would take to reach the place where our warriors fell from. Converting it to hours : 11.3159 h

So there’s the answer!

If you have anything else, like a science question of some sort or you found a mistake in my calculations and want me to rectify it, please post it in the comments section or you could send me a message via the contact me form!

Thanks for reading!

Clyde Lhui š

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drag_coefficient

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_mass_index

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_height

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminal_velocity

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_surface_area

http://www.sengpielaudio.com/calculator-speedsound.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Density_of_air

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravity_of_Earth

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_System_of_Units

This was a great column. You did a good job of explaining a complex topic in an easy-to-understand manner. What many people, even gamers, do not understand is just how much math and physics goes into the games they play to make it work the way it does. Keep up the good work.

-Hudson

Thanks so much for the positive feedback! It really gives me the motivation to think more about such fascinating subjects and to question the science behind certain events! It’s very reassuring that there are others out there who actually enjoy these subjects as much as I do! Once again thank you for your comment!!!

I believe League Of Legends player won’t like this… It’s just a game dude .-.

Such things really intrigue me. It’s when people think that they are really not important and they leave such things out that it gets interesting! When I see others talking or writing about the science behind things that I myself do not think about, it really makes me ask myself “why didn’t I think of that??” that’s why I aspire to be part of such a community. To be honest, I took 2 hours writing that post. It was really a lot of brainwork for me, but when I got the final answer, I felt a sense of achievement. I was so happy that I was literally jumping around my computer! Anyways I really appreciate the fact that you actually took the time to read my long post! Maybe you could suggest another topic for me to write about. Something perhaps of your interest! Once again, thank you for your comment!

I came across your post on facebook and decided to check it out. I have a few points to state out here.

U have put the warriors body mass/surface area into the formula only? What about all the armors and stuff? They would certaintly be way more massive in those. And how bout the acceleration due to gravity part? Since its a bottomless pit, the gravity on them would surely increase at a noticable rate as the warrior falls, even before thermal velocity. So 9.8m/s^2 isn’t strictly appropriate, is it? Anyway GREAT POST!!

Thanks for your comment,

As for the armor, you are right… I will edit the post when i get the time. Anyway thanks! As for the gravity part, i am assuming that the gravity is constant throughout the pit. This is because i am using values with respect to planet earth and there is no way a person can fall for 3 days without hitting the ground should he be affected by earth’s gravitational force therefore what i am calculating is an impossible situation therefore i have made some changes. Unless we assume that the planet is much larger than earth, there might be a possibility of such a case. I might be adding that to the post or i might be doing another new post on gravitational force alone. I am already planning several new posts on terminal velocity and forces. Thanks for your feedback once again!

Regards,

Clyde Lhui š

After finding the information of the warrior’s instantaneous velocity, you can just average them up and divide by the speed of sound so don’t need to find distance travelled. Another (kind of redundant one from me) improvement is that, considering the air pressure differences, you can use inverse square ratio or something like that since vibration/sound travels slower. And since the surface is able to hold the atmosphere at such a high height, you can also change the gravitational force so that the surface is able to gravitationally attract the gas…

But it’s a lot of stuff so…

And this would go on forever…

Great column anyway!